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Translating the Informal into the Formal

I have spent a large part of my professional career observing the more formal end of the political process, particularly in connection with foreign policy issues in the European Union and the Middle East. In that domain, the issue of the informal – the way in which public opinion or civil society manages to influence formal policy outcomes – is rarely overtly recognised. It is, as it were, the spectre at the feast, whether as initiatives from civil society or as ‘Track II’ diplomacy, a ghostly presence which is consciously ignored, even if sub-consciously it influences outcomes.

READ THE FULL ARTICLE IN THE GLOBAL POLICY JOURNAL.